World Iodine Deficiency Day 21 October: Know why iodine is important, what will happen to the body if it is deficient.
World Iodine Deficiency Day 21 October
World Iodine Deficiency Day, observed annually on October 21st, is a global initiative aimed at raising awareness about the critical issue of iodine deficiency and its impact on public health. This day serves as a platform to educate individuals, communities, and policymakers about the importance of iodine in our diets and the devastating consequences of its deficiency.
Iodine is an essential micronutrient that plays a fundamental role in maintaining human health. It is crucial for the production of thyroid hormones, which are essential for proper growth, development, and the functioning of various body systems. Iodine deficiency can lead to a range of health problems, including intellectual disabilities, goiter, and thyroid disorders, especially among pregnant women and children.
World Iodine Deficiency Day 21 October: Iodine is a very essential mineral salt for physical and mental development. children due to its deficiency malnutrition Become a victim of. Its deficiency causes a disease called cretinism in children. It is also called congenital iodine deficiency syndrome. because of this children’s development There is delay and slowness. This usually happens due to lack of iodine in the mother’s diet during pregnancy.
The main source of iodine is sea salt. Apart from this, the foods grown in the places where iodine is found in water are also rich in iodine. Iodine, potassium and vitamins are found in potato peel. In such a situation, eating potatoes with peel is beneficial. 56 micrograms of iodine is found in one cup of milk. By eating three raisins daily, the body gets 34 micrograms of iodine.
Signs of iodine deficiency:
- Sadness, constant feeling of fatigue, weight gain, constipation etc. can be symptoms of iodine deficiency in the body.
- Its main symptoms include drying of skin and hair fall.
- Iodine deficiency also affects brain functioning, leading to difficulty concentrating.
- Due to iodine deficiency, the problem of swelling in the neck may appear.
Excess of iodine can cause problems like thyroid cancer. Which can be a risk to health.
Its excess in women causes the problem of irregular menstruation. Symptoms like sudden fainting and sudden nervousness are seen. Mouth problems also occur.
Excess of iodine is also harmful, it can cause problems like stomach ache, vomiting, diarrhea and fever, heart rate increases. The skin turns red. Body temperature increases.
The objectives of World Iodine Deficiency Day 21 October are as follows:
- Raise Awareness: The day aims to highlight the significance of iodine in our daily diet and the potential consequences of its scarcity.
- Advocate for Universal Salt Iodization (USI): Universal Salt Iodization is a simple and effective way to ensure that everyone receives an adequate amount of iodine through their diet. World Iodine Deficiency Day encourages countries to implement and monitor USI programs.
- Promote Public Health: By emphasizing the importance of iodine in public health, the day aims to reduce the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders and improve overall well-being.
- Educate Communities: Information campaigns on this day are vital to reach communities, especially in regions where iodine deficiency is a pressing issue. These campaigns help people make informed choices about their diets and promote the use of iodized salt.
- Advocate for Policy Changes: World Iodine Deficiency Day calls for policies and interventions that support iodine sufficiency in populations, particularly in vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and children.
Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) for World Iodine Deficiency Day, observed on October 21st.
1. What is World Iodine Deficiency Day?
- World Iodine Deficiency Day is an annual observance on October 21st aimed at raising awareness about the importance of iodine in our diet and the consequences of iodine deficiency.
2. Why is iodine important for our health?
- Iodine is a crucial mineral required for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland, which regulates metabolism. It is also essential for brain development in children and overall health.
3. What are the consequences of iodine deficiency?
- Iodine deficiency can lead to various health problems, including goiter (enlarged thyroid gland), hypothyroidism, developmental issues in children, and cognitive impairments.
4. How can I prevent iodine deficiency?
- You can prevent iodine deficiency by consuming iodized salt, eating iodine-rich foods like seafood, and ensuring you have a balanced diet with the right amount of iodine.
5. Is iodized salt the only source of iodine?
- While iodized salt is a primary source of iodine, other sources include seafood, dairy products, and some fruits and vegetables grown in iodine-rich soil.
6. Are there specific recommendations for iodine intake?
- The recommended daily intake of iodine varies by age and life stage. It’s important to follow the dietary guidelines and consult a healthcare professional if you have concerns.
7. Who is at a higher risk of iodine deficiency?
- Populations living in regions with low iodine levels in the soil, pregnant and breastfeeding women, and infants are at a higher risk of iodine deficiency.
8. How does iodine deficiency affect pregnant women and infants?
- Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to developmental issues in the baby, including intellectual disabilities and stunted growth. It is crucial for pregnant women to ensure sufficient iodine intake.
9. How can I get involved in World Iodine Deficiency Day?
- You can get involved by spreading awareness through social media, participating in local events, and supporting organizations working to combat iodine deficiency.
10. Where can I find more information about iodine deficiency and its prevention? – You can find more information from reputable sources like the World Health Organization (WHO) and local health departments. Additionally, healthcare professionals can provide guidance on iodine intake.
World Iodine Deficiency Day 21 October serves as a reminder that addressing iodine deficiency is not only a public health priority but also a global responsibility. By spreading knowledge about the importance of iodine and advocating for effective interventions, we can work towards a world where iodine deficiency becomes a thing of the past, ensuring healthier lives for all.
Remember that iodine deficiency is a preventable condition, and World Iodine Deficiency Day serves as a reminder of the importance of maintaining adequate iodine levels for a healthy life.